Lombok has an enormous potential such as history, cultural heritage, old traditions, excellent handicrafts and interesting local communities such as the Buddhist villages in Lombok’s north – west highlands. Splendid beaches lining the southern coast and fertile rice terraces dominant around the foothills of Mount Rinjani in East Lombok. Belonging to the Indonesian Province of West Nusa Tenggara, Lombok comprises of three administrative: West Lombok, Central Lombok and East Lombok. The capital is Mataram in West Lombok which also is the capital for the Province of West Nusa Tenggara (Lombok island / Sumbawa island) . The west coast most populated and is historically rather significant. Having been colonized by the Balinese Rajas and later by the Dutch, an array of interesting heritage buildings can be explored and studied. Balinese still living in West Lombok and their temples plentiful in and around Mataram.
Lombok ethnic population Sasak people who of Islamic religion but in parts they still adhere to traditional customs such as ancestor worship and animism. Apart from the Sasaks and Balinese, Lombok comprises of communities such as the Arabs, Chinese and Buddhists. The cultural display of these groups is fascinating. And of course there is Mount Rinjani, Lombok’s awesome volcano with stunning views over Bali, Sumbawa and Flores. The crater lake features a smaller volcano adding to the dramatic scenery of this spiritual. Mount Rinjani Trek unforgettable experience but should only be attempted by fit and healthy people.
RINJANI MOUNAIN ( 3,726 )
Rinjani mountain of Gunung Rinjani is a massive volcano which towers over the island of Lombok. A climb to the top is one of the most exhilarating experiences you can have in Indonesia. At 3,726 meters tall, Gunung Rinjani is the second highest mountain in Indonesia. The climb to the top may not be easy but it’s worth it, and is widely regarded as one of the best views in the country.
Part of the famous ‘ring of fire’ this mountain also holds spiritual significance for the local people. It’s thought that the name Rinjani comes from an old Javanese term for ‘God’.Around the slopes of Rinjani there are lush forests sprinkled with waterfalls and surrounded by stunning scenery.
Within the mountain is a crescent shaped lake, the breathtaking Segara Anak which is about 6km across at its widest point. This lake of sulfur is located 600 meters below the crater rim. Rising from the waters of this lake is a new volcano, Mt. Baru, which is a result of a series of eruptions during the 1990’s. Segara Anak is a spiritual place. The Balinese come here each year and perform a ceremony called pekelan where jewelry is placed in the lake as an offering to the mountain spirit. The Wetu Telu people also regard the lake as holy and come here to pray on full moon nights.
Mt Rinjani lies within the Gunung Rinjani National Park. The park covers 41,330 hectares and sits inside a major bio-geographical transition zone (Wallacea). This is where the tropical flora and fauna of South East Asia meets that of Australasia. This National Park was established in 1997 and is one of over 40 throughout Indonesia.
For visitors, the three-day Rinjani trek route from Senaru to the crater rim, down to the Crater Lake then on to Sembalun Lawang, is considered one of the best treks in South East Asia. More adventurous trekkers may want to head all the way to the summit of the volcano. This is best reached from Sembalun Lawang and takes four days, finishing up in Senaru.
To ensure that local communities benefit from tourism revenue, the Rinjani Trek is managed by a partnership of National Park officials, the public and private sectors of the Lombok tourism industry and community representatives. Community run cooperatives coordinate the Trek at the Rinjani Trek Center (RTC) in Senaru and the Rinjani Information Center (RIC) in Sembalun Lawang.
Revenue from tourism activities and entry fees is used for conservation, management and assisting the National Park with maintenance of the Rinjani Trek, thus ensuring its sustainability. This management model is unique in Indonesia and considered an example of best practice of ecotourism in Indonesia.
The Gili Islands, Indonesian Tiga Gili(Three Gilis) Kepulauan Gili (Gili Islands) are an archipelago of three small islands are Gili Trawangan, Gili Meno and Gili Air just off the northwest coast of Lombok Indonesia.
The islands are a popular destination for tourists looking for a remote island experience. Each island has several small resorts, usually consisting of a collection of huts for tourists, a small pool and restaurant. Most local inhabitants live on Trawangan in a township stretching along its east side just inland (which is also where most recent development is taking place). Automobiles and motorised traffic is prohibited on the islands by local ordinance, so the preferred method of transportation is by foot and bicycle or the horse-drawn carriage called a cidomo. Diving in and around the Gilis is also popular due to the abundance of marine life and attractive coral formations.
The name “Gili Islands” is a misnomer, because Gili simply means “small island” in Sasak. As a result, most of the islands around the coast of Lombok have Gili in their names, although confusion is averted by referring (in English) to the other Gilis around the Lombok coast by their proper names only.
The Indonesian word for water is Air (AH-yer) and Gili Air was named for the being the only island of the three to have subterranean fresh water. This is acknowledged as a finite resource with some resorts and restaurants shipping in the water from the mainland.
ili Trawangan is the largest of Lombok’s Gili Islands and the only one to rise significantly (30 m) above sea level. Measuring 3 km long and 2 km wide, it has a population of around 1500 (see demography). The name Trawangan originates from the Indonesian word Terowongan (Tunnel) due to the presence of a cave tunnel built there during Japanese occupation in World War 2. Of the Gilis, Trawangan is the most developed and geared towards tourism. The main concentration of settlement, recreation, accommodation and diving business is situated on the eastern side of the island. A local pub, Tir na nok claims that Trawangan is the smallest island in the world with an Irish pub. It was previously administered under Lombok Barat Regency along with Senggigi until 2010 when the Gili islands came under the jurisdiction of the new North Lombok Regency (Kabupaten Lombok Utara).
On Gili Trawangan (as well as the other two Gilis), there are no motorised vehicles. The main means of transportation are bicycles (rented by locals to tourists) and cidomo (a small horse-drawn carriage). For travelling to and from each of the Gilis, locals usually use motorised boats and speedboats. Some of the first inhabitants of Gili Trawangan were fishermen and farmers from Sulawesi. Previous to human settlement Gili Trawangan was covered in forest and deer lived on the island. (Source: Inhabitants of Gili Trawangan — no printed source available). The economy of Gili Trawangan centres on tourism, as the island is too small to support any broad scale agriculture, and too remote to allow economically viable industry or commerce. There is a mosque on the island.
Gili Meno is the middle of Lombok’s three northwest coast Gilis. Gili Meno has a population of about 500, mainly concentrated on the centre of the island (see section on demography). The main income comes from tourism, coconut plantation and fishing. On the west side of the island there is a small shallow lake that produces salt in the dry season. Until a few years ago there was also a small production of seaweed on the reef at the north end of the island. Gili Meno has swimming beaches all around the island, and a turtle sanctuary.
The island attracts fewer tourists than Gili Trawangan and is the quietest and smallest of the islands. However, honeymooners are often drawn to the crystal clear water and idyllic, secluded white beaches.There is no fresh water on the island and it has to be brought by boat from Lombok. Electricity is supplied by underwater cables from Lombok. There are no cars or motorbikes.
Gili Air is the second smallest of the islands and the closest to mainland Lombok, making it popular with honeymoon couples and travellers seeking a quiet retreat. It has a population of about 1,800. The island offers excellent snorkelling and scuba diving off its east coast, and turtles can be seen along the coral reef. Other water sports such as Stand Up Paddleboarding and Kitesurfing are also now available.
Continued investment in tourism is seeing these islands develop very quickly and each year sees new resorts and accommodation on the islands while attempting to retain their individual character. Proximity to Gili Meno, the smallest and most secluded of the islands and to Gili Trawangan the largest island, known for its many restaurants and parties, makes Gili Air a happy Medium of seclusion with adequate services. Both other Islands are a quick boat ride away.
KUTA LOMBOK BEACH
Kuta is a coastal town in the south of the island of Lombok in Indonesia.The scenery is spectacular, with cliffs and mountains reaching the coast to create jagged and awe- inspiring landscapes and views. The beaches are some of the best in Indonesia, with pristine white sand, and transparent blue-greens in the water. Kuta has some of the best surfing in the world, so naturally many visitors are surfers. Kuta has a wide variety of accommodations and restaurants, ranging from backpacker offerings to a four star resort for more wealthy travelers. Many people come to Kuta just to unwind, lie on the beach, rent a motorcycle to look around, or to just relax by reading a book or taking a nap in the afternoon.
Most of Kuta retains its sleepy, natural character as a typical fishing village. The local people live in housing clusters (called kampungs) and are largely unaffected by tourist activity. Travellers can walk along dirt roads and see the villagers going about their normal daily activities. Food is usually cooked over a wood fire and the children live a carefree life of playing on the beach and climbing trees. Most people are exceptionally friendly to foreigners. Lombok International Airport is around 20 minutes away, and there has recently been a huge amount of land speculation in the Kuta area from high-end hotel operators and other investors.
The Senggigi region is the main tourist destination on the island of Lombok in Indonesia. The main town is Senggigi itself, and the whole area is well known for its beautiful west facing beaches. The Senggigi region is formed by several adjacent yet subtly different areas all lying along the same 2 lane coastal road. The exact boundaries of each area can seem rather ill-defined. While pockets of development can be found in some areas, long stretches of open undeveloped land lie in between. Nightlife and major restaurants are concentrated in the central township of Senggigi. The first time visitor should be aware of these distinct regional differences. Simply booking a hotel in Senggigi could mean a relatively remote location where the town centre can only be reached by taxi or public transport.
GETTING TO LOMBOK
It’s easy to get to Lombok island from Bali, flight time is only 25 minutes and fares start from around IDR 300.000 (approx USD 33) one way. Buy tickets direct from the airline counters at the domestic airports or contact www.lombok-tourism.com for your convenience.
Lombok International Airport is the only airport on Lombok. The airport is approximately 40 km south of Mataram city, and around 1 hour 30 minutes drive from Senggigi and 25 minutes from Kuta (Mandalika Resort).
Airport departure tax is IDR 30.000 for Domestic departures and and IDR 100.000 for International departures.
Lombok International airport has full Visa on arrival facilities, with efficient and fast processing.
a Subsidiary of Singapore Airlines, flies direct between Lombok and Singapore, three times per week. Phone: +62 370 628254 / 62855 – for detail www.silkair.com
Flies between Kuala Lumpur Malaysia and Lombok every day, with short stop over in Jakarta. Call center: 08041807807 for details: www.garuda-indonesia.com
Flies between Kuala Lumpur Malaysia and Lombok Three time per week. for detail www.airasia.com
European connections are easy via Jakarta or Bali. Direct flights from Jakarta to Lombok are available every day and are usually timed to connect with European flights. Lombok is easily to accessible from Jakarta, Bali, Jogjakarta, and Surabaya and is and important connection for travel to the Eastern islands Indonesia in particular Sumbawa, BIma, Komodo and Flores.
Hasdirect flights between Lombok, Bali, Surabaya, Makasar and Jakarta every day for details: www.garuda-indonesia.com
has daily flights between Lombok, Bali, Jakarta, and Surabaya for detail: www.lionair.co.id
has flights available between Lombok, Bali, Bima, Dili, Bandung, Flores, and Kupang. for details: www.merpati.co.id
Trans Nusa Air
flies between Lombok, Sumbawa and Bima once a day. www.transnusa.co.id
has flights between Lombok, Jakarta, every day. – www.batavia-air.co.id
offers flight to remote and difficult to get to destinations, including Labuhan Bajo on Flores, Batam, Pekan Baru, Jambi and more. www.sky-aviation.co.id
Bali To Lombok by Air
In Lombok, flights depart and arrive at Lombok International airport. In Bali, flight arrive and depart at Ngurah Rai (Denpasar) domestic airport.
has direct flight between Lombok, Bali and Jakarta every day. www.garuda-indonesia.com Merpati Airlines flies direct between Bali and Lombok four times a day. www.merpati.co.id
Trans Nusa Air
operates two flights between Bali and Lombok daily. www.transnusa.co.id
flies between Bali and Lombok with three flights daily. The company shared codes with wings air, so you may purchase a Lion air ticket and find your self on Wings air flight. www.lionair.co.id Sky Aviation, operates morning and afternoon flights between Bali and Lombok every day. The company also offer private charters flights between the islands as well other Indonesia destinations. www.sky-aviation.co.id
Bali To Lombok By Sea
Padang Bai harbour (Bali) provides the sea link between mainland Bali and Lombok. Lembar harbour (Lombok) is aprrox 1 hour south of Senggigi, Lombok. Arrange your own transport and buy tickets direct from the harbours, or use a reputable tour company to provide a transfer service. Public Ferries depart every hour for the sea voyage between Padang Bai harbour (Bali)and Lembar harbour (Lombok). The crossing between the islands cost IDR 36.000 per person and takes approx 4 to 5 hours. Lembar harbour phone: +62 370 681209 Padang Bai harbour phone: +62 363 41849
Fast Boat / Express Boat
There are now numerous express boat services operating between Bali and Lombok. Most serve for Gili Trawangan, but several also call at Teluk Nare on mainland Lombok, making fast boats from Lombok to Bali vice versa an option to flying. Taking Fast Boat from Padang Bai Bali to Senggigi Lombok by Marina Srikandi Express Boat tiket available to book at email us email@example.com (www.lomboktravelingnetwork.com)